Wed. Nov 29th, 2023
Accident Investigation

We never expect an accident to happen and no one is ever happy to see an accident. Accidents are avoidable if we implement a proper safety culture in an organisation. If at all an accident takes place, then it has to investigated thoroughly to prevent its recurrence. With proper accident investigation and root cause analysis are done a similar accident in future can be avoided.

Below mentioned are six questions that will help you drastically improve the quality of your investigation leaving no stone unturned.

1. Who

• was injured?

• saw the incident?

• was working with him/her?

• had instructed, trained, assigned the affected person/

• else was involved?

• Can help prevent the re-occurrence?

2. What

• was the injury/illness?

• was being done at the time of injury or incident?

• were they told to do so?

• tools were being used?

• machinery was involved?

• the operation was being performed?

• instruction had been given?

• precautions were given?

• precautions were necessary?

• PPE was used or should have been used?

• problems or questions were encountered?

• did the employee and others do after the incident?

• did witnesses see?

• will be done to prevent re-occurrences.

• safety rules or procedures were violated?

• safety rules or procedures were lacking?

• safety rules or procedures were needed?

• additional training should be included?

3. When

• did the injury or incident occur?

• did the employee begin the task?

• was the employee assigned to the task?

• were the hazard or risk pointed out to the employee?

• did the supervisor last check on the employee’s progress?

• did the employee last notice that something is wrong?

• was appropriate training provided?

• was a risk assessment done?

Three more questions you need to answer for your accident investigation report to be valid

4. Why

• was the employee injured?

• did the employee behave that way?

• did other persons behave that way?

• was PPE not used?

• were specific instructions not given to the employee?

• was the employee in that position/place?

• did the employee continue working under the circumstance?

• was the employee allowed to continue working?

• wasn’t the supervisor there at the time?

5. Where

• did the injury or incident occur?

• was the employee at the time of the incident?

• was the supervisor at the time of the incident?

• were co-workers at the time of the incident?

• were the witnesses when the incident occurred?

6. How

• was the employee injured?

• could the injury/illness have been avoided?


• could co-workers avoid similar injury/illness?

• could the supervisor have prevented the injury/illness?

Make sure you answer all of the above questions when investigating any major or minor accident at your workplace.


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