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Common domestic hazards and it effect on health and safety.

Domestic hazards are those that happens in the house, within our immediate environment. They do not only pose danger to our health and safety but also that of our immediate family and friends. While there are so many domestic hazards, but there are these segments that are very common in every home, they pose danger to every home around the earth. The need to focus on them and know how to solve them to avoid critical issues on ours and that of our family is very important, below are domestic hazards which are very common and how to solve them.

1.Lead paint dust
Even in well maintained homes, lead dust can form when lead-based paint is scraped, sanded or heated during home repair activities. Lead paint chips and dust can get on surfaces and objects that people touch. Settled lead dust can re-enter the air when the home is vacuumed or swept, or people walk through it.

Safety Guidelines:
– Maintain all painted surfaces in good condition.
– Clean frequently using a wet mop, cloth or sponge to reduce the likelihood of chips and dust forming.
– Use a lead-safe certified renovator to perform renovation, repair and painting jobs to reduce the likelihood of contaminating your home with lead dust.

2. Carbon monoxide
Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs when carbon monoxide builds up in your bloodstream. When too much carbon monoxide is in the air, your body replaces the oxygen in your red blood cells with carbon monoxide. This can lead to serious tissue damage, or even death.

How to tell if carbon monoxide is present in the house.
– Sooty marks on the front covers of gas fires.
-Sooty or yellow/brown stains on or around boilers, stoves or fires.
– Smoke building up in rooms because of a faulty flue.
-Yellow instead of blue flames coming from gas appliances.
-Pilot lights frequently blowing out.

How to solve this domestic hazard.
– Ensure you adequately clean the house.

3. Radon
Most radon exposure occurs inside homes, schools and workplaces. Radon gas becomes trapped indoors after it enters buildings through cracks and other holes in the foundation. Sealing cracks and other openings in the foundation is a basic part of most approaches to radon reduction and can help increase their effectiveness. Proper preparation of the surface area to be sealed is extremely important to create an effective and long lasting seal.

4. Pesticides
Pesticides are substance used to kill, repel, or control certain forms of plant or animal life that are considered to be pests. They can cause short-term adverse health effects, called acute effects, as well as chronic adverse effects that can occur months or years after exposure.

Safety Guidelines:
– Use in moderation, check the visibility of it effects on health before using.

5. Volatile Organic Compounds.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are a large group of chemicals that are found in many products we use to build and maintain our homes. Once these chemicals are in our homes, they are released or “off-gas” into the indoor air we breathe. The use of inorganic compounds should be recommended.

These above common domestic hazards have severe impact on our activities and health, they should be taken into significant consideration.

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